Cancers

If you have been diagnosed with a cancer, you'll well know how specific each type can be.
To find out more about a particular type of cancer being fought by one of the individuals on this site,
click on the appropriate link below:

Bladder cancer is the rapid, uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the bladder. Cancer usually begins in the lining of the bladder. The cancerous cells may spread through the lining into the muscular wall of the bladder. Invasive bladder cancer may spread to lymph nodes, other organs in the pelvis (causing problems with kidney and bowel function), or other organs in the body, such as the liver and lungs.

Bowel cancer - also known as colorectal cancer or colon cancer - is any cancer that affects the colon (large bowel) and rectum (back passage).

Most bowel cancers start as benign innocent growths - called polyps - on the wall of the bowel. Polyps are like small spots or cherries on stalks and most do not produce symptoms. Polyps are common as we get older and most polyps are not pre-cancerous.

One type of polyp called an adenoma can become cancerous (malignant). If left undetected the cancer cells will multiply to form a tumour in the bowel.

A brain tumor is an abnormal growth
of tissue in the brain or central spine that can disrupt proper brain function. Doctors refer to a tumor based on where the tumor cells originated, and whether they are cancerous (malignant) or not (benign).

Brainstem glioma is a disease in which benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) cells form in the tissues of the brainstem.

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among New Zealand women.   One in nine New Zealand women will develop breast cancer at some stage of their lives. 

 

Initial symptoms will normally include a new lump in the breast; treatment will generally involve surgery followed by a combination of other treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy.  Men can develop breast cancer though it is rare. Around 20 men are diagnosed with the condition in New Zealand each year, which equates to around 1% of all breast cancer diagnoses. 

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), also known as chronic myelogenous leukemia, is a type of cancer that starts in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and invades the blood. In CML, leukemia cells tend to build up in the body over time, but many people don't have any symptoms for at least a few years. In time, the cells can also invade other parts of the body, including the spleen. CML can also change into a fast-growing acute leukemia that invades almost any organ in the body.

Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is an illness that causes the skin to be fragile. Because the skin is so fragile, it can be easily injured, causing painful blisters to form. These blisters can cause serious problems if they become infected.

Some people with EB have a mild form of the disease with few blisters. For others, there may be many blisters on the skin. Some people develop blisters inside the body—in places such as the mouth, stomach, esophagus (the tube that allows food to move between the throat and stomach), bladder, and elsewhere.

Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema (the most common form of eczema). Eczema is a chronic skin condition in which the skin becomes itchy, reddened, cracked and dry. Approximately 30% of all skin-related GP visits in Western Europe result in a diagnosis of atopic eczema. It affects both males and females equally, as well as people from different ethnic backgrounds. Most GPs (general practitioners, primary care physicians) in Western Europe, North America and Australia say the number of people diagnosed each year with eczema is has been rising in recent years.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), WHO classification name "glioblastoma", is the most common and most aggressive malignant primary brain tumor in humans, involving glial cells and accounting for 52% of all functional tissue brain tumor cases and 20% of all intracranial tumors.

GBM is rare, with incidence of 2–3 cases per 100,000[clarification needed] in Europe and North America. It presents two variants: giant cell glioblastoma and gliosarcoma.

The most dangerous form of skin cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells (most often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations (genetic defects) that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors.  These tumors originate in the pigment-producing melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. Melanomas often resemble moles; some develop from moles. The majority of melanomas are black or brown, but they can also be skin-colored, pink, red, purple, blue or white.

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. The cancer occurs when cells within the prostate gland become cancerous (malignant), forming a tumour.  When the cancer is contained within the prostate gland, this is referred to as "localised" prostate cancer.  When the cancer has spread to the tissues surrounding the prostate gland, this is referred to as "extracapsular" prostate cancer.

Psoriasis is not a cancer, but does seem to be related to the immune system. Psoriasis is a common, chronic skin disease that affects the life cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin, forming thick silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful. Itching may be severe, and scratching the rash can make it even itchier and cause more inflammation.